WHY MENSTRUATION DURING PREGNANCY. It is not uncommon to hear women talking about their periods yet they have a bun in the oven. The idea of having your periods when pregnant just does not sit right especially after all the Biology lessons you have attended and other versions of stories that you have heard (from the ones who have not experienced such a phenomenon).
It is quite paradoxical to have those two in the same sentence, and rightfully so. According to the Biology lessons, menstruation is the shedding of the lining of the uterus (known as the endometrial lining). The lining starts growing in preparation for the release of an egg during ovulation. If the egg gets fertilized then it will have a ‘nest’ where it can be nourished and mature.
In the event that the egg does not get fertilized the body sends a message to the brain to shed the lining because it is no longer required. As the lining breaks down it tears some very tiny blood vessels and so your period is composed of this lining and a little blood. So you see, technically, you cannot have your period while expecting.
You can however have some bleeding. Bleeding during pregnancy can be caused by different things that vary in seriousness. The most common reason for bleeding would be if you got pregnant right before your period. The body probably doesn’t get the message and continues with its normal cycle. This kind of bleeding may continue reducing until it ends altogether.
Sometimes the menstruation hormones are trying to override the pregnancy hormones and you end up with breakthrough bleeding. It may be light or heavy but may not last as long as your normal period. Some doctors say that as the egg implants it burrows into the uterine lining. This burrowing causes a slight pink discharge or a little spotting.
It has also been said that if the egg is small it may leave part of the lining open. This ‘unutilized’ lining breaks down and causes some spotting. Most times spotting or bleeding at any stage of pregnancy is harmless. Some women even report experiencing their period throughout the pregnancy and their doctors checked them and found nothing wrong.
If you are worried that it could be something serious take some time and visit your practitioner. They will conduct tests to establish the truth. Don’t ignore any bleeding though because it could also signal something serious.